TMS Concepts

Window on Work Values

The Window on Work Values is a model built over five years from gathering individuals' responses to many questions defining work activities or situations at work that they value.

The focus is on values where the primary content aspect is the type of goal or motivational concern that the value expresses. The model has good structural validity, meaning that value types close to one another in the Window are related, whereas those on opposite sides of the Window are unrelated. The model can be applied to both individual and organizational values.

The Window consists of eight core work value types depicted as window panes, rather like those in the rose windows of many European cathedrals. It is divided into quadrants, each containing a core value type as follows:

Self Focus: 

Value types that put personal goals ahead of group goals. Individualism is the core value type in this quadrant.

Group Focus: 

Value types that put group wishes ahead of individual need. Collectivism is the core value type.

Organizational Constraint: 

Value types that require strictly-adhered-to guidelines to ensure the smooth running of an organization. Compliance is the core value type.

Values focusing on the group, within an environment of Organizational Freedom are defined by the Equality value type. Those focusing on the group within an environment of Organizational Constraint are defined by the Conformity value type.

Organizational Freedom: 

Value types where individual behavior is unrestricted and people are free to choose their pathways, unfettered by organizational constraints. Empowerment is the core value type.

Values focusing on the self, within an environment of Organizational Freedom are defined by the Independence value type. Those focusing on the self within an environment of Organizational Constraint are defined by the Authority value type.

Individual values are determined from answers to the 64-item Window on Work Values Profile Questionnaire (WoWVPQ). The feedback is a hierarchy of value types and valuable information on how a person's values will impact their behavior.